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Tuesday, October 5, 2010

FM Wireless Microphone

This simple FM wireless microphone transmitter can transmit speech over a short range. It can be used as a simple cordless microphone. The circuit uses two integrated circuits from Maxim. IC1 a MAX4467, is an amplifier raising the microphone signal to a level suitable for frequency modulation (FM). IC2 is a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) with integrated varactor (a.k.a. varicap diode). It is this small that can be integrated in a wireless handheld microphone.
The wireless microphone nominal frequency of oscillation is set by inductor L1. The inductor value 390 nH provides an oscillation frequency of about 100 MHz. For best performance, L1 should be a high-Q component. L1 may consist of 4 turns of silver-plated wire wound around a 10-mm drill bit, and stretched to a length of about 1.5 cm. The wire diameter can be anything between 26 SWG (0.5 mm) and 20 SWG (1 mm). No core is used.
The MAX4467 is a micropower opamp for low voltage operation and providing 200-kHz gain bandwidth at a supply current of just 24 μA. When used with an electret microphone, some form of DC bias for the microphone capsule is necessary. The MAX4467 has the ability to turn off the bias to the microphone when the device is in shutdown mode. This can save several hundred microamps of supply current, which can be significant in low power applications particularly for battery powered applications like cordless microphones. The MICBias pin provides a switched version of Vcc to the bias components.