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Monday, March 21, 2011

Radio Frequency (RF) Watt Meter

For RF (radio frequency) transmitter experiment, watt meter is useful for optimizing the transmitter circuit. A simple RF watt meter circuit is shown in the  schematic diagram below. Because circuit is not frequency sensitive, calibration is accurate on all HF bands. The sensitivity is affected by meter movement, number of turns in primary coil, and resistive voltage driver.
RF WATT METER circuit schematic
Pots can be adjusted for full-scale values from 1-14 W with values shown on the diagram. C1 and C2 are 3-20 pF. Diodes are 1N34A, 1N60, or equivalent. L1 is 46 turns No. 28 on Amidon T-50-2 toroid, with 2 turns No. 22 between ends of L1 for L2. Connect resistive dummy load to one coax receptacle and RF power source to other to adjust, with R2 at maximum resistance. We can provide highest meter reading and make that the FWD position with place the switch on the upper position. Switch to other position, which becomes REF, and for null reading, adjust C1. Reverse RF source and load, leaving switch at FWD, and adjust C2 for null. Now, we can calibrated the Wattmeter. [Circuit's schematic diagram source:]