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Saturday, September 25, 2010

Single Chip FM Radio circuit

Here is a compact low cost FM radio circuit using IC7400. This circuit is designed as per the data sheet and the result is excellent.Ideal for all category of electronic enthusiasts.
The TDA7000 is a monolithic integrated circuit for mono FM portable radios, where a minimum on peripheral components is crucial. The IC TDA 7000 has a Frequency-Locked-Loop system with an intermediate frequency of 70 kHz. The intermediate frequency selectivity is achieved by active RC filters. The only function which needs alignment is the resonant circuit for the oscillator, thus selecting the reception frequency. Spurious reception is avoided by means of a mute circuit, which also eliminates too noisy input signals. Special steps are taken to meet the radiation requirements.

24W amplifier using TDA1516

 Here is the circuit diagram of a simple 24W mono amplifier using IC TDA1516.The TDA1516 is an integrated class B power amplifier in a 13 pin SIL package. The IC has many useful features such as short circuit protection, load dump protection, thermal protection, reverse polarity protection etc. Here the IC is wired in BTL mode to deliver 24W of power into a 4 ohm speaker. This amplifier can be operated from a 12V DC supply and this makes it suitable for car audio applications. 

AM receiver circuit

 Here is a low cost AM receiver circuit that can be tuned from around 550 to 1100 KHz. Three transistors are used in this project. The transistors Q1 and Q2 are wired as a compound transistor pair in which Q1 is an emitter follower and Q2 is a common emitter amplifier. The emitter follower prevents the loading of tank circuit, while the common emitter amplifier necessary voltage gain. The L1 and C2 forms the tank circuit.The L1 also does the job of antenna.The series combination of R6 and R7 gives a regenerative feedback between output of the Q2 and tank circuit. The transistor Q3 performs the demodulation of the carrier signal. It also provides amplification the demodulated signal. The audio output is coupled out from the collector of Q3 via the capacitor C3.Capacitor C6 provides some noise filtering.

AM Transmitter circuit

 Here is the circuit diagram of a simple AM transmitter circuit that can transmit your audios to your backyard.This circuit is designed with limited the power output to match the FCC regulations and still produces enough amplitude modulation of voice in the medium wave band to satisfy your personal needs.You will love this!.
The circuit has two parts , an audio amplifier and a radio frequency oscillator. The oscillator is built around Q1 (BC109) and related components. The tank circuit with inductance L1 and capacitance VC1 is tunable in the range of 500kHz to 1600KHz. These components can be easily obtained from your old medium wave radio. Q1 is provided with regenerative feedback by connecting the base and collector of Q1 to opposite ends of the tank circuit. C2 ,the 1nF capacitance , couples signals from the base to the top of L1, and C4 the 100pF capacitance ensures that the oscillation is transfered from collector, to the emitter, and through the internal base emitter resistance of the transistor Q2 (BC 109) , back to the base again. The resistor R7 has a vital part in this circuit. It ensures that the oscillation will not be shunted to ground trough the very low value internal emitter resistance, re of Q1(BC 109), and also increases the input impedance such that the modulation signal will not be shunted to ground. Q2 is wired as a common emitter RF amplifier, C5 decouples the emitter resistance and unleashes full gain of this stage. The microphone can be electret condenser microphone and the amount of AM modulation can be adjusted by the 4.7 K variable resistanceR5.